Alusine M. Kanu, D.A.
Western healing arts can be in contrast and contrasted with non-western healing arts. This short article identifies the western healing art of multicultural counseling in comparison to non-western healing arts. Research has indicated the Western ideology is embedded in the techniques of counseling and improvement (Daniels, 2007). Western counseling is oriented largely toward helping individuals enable by themselves so they can correctly function by adapting to their environmental contexts. Western ideology emphasizes the rational above the relational, the reasonable above the psychological, levels of competition above cooperation, and independence above interdependence.
Western ideology is primarily based on individualism, which typically leads to self-focused actions. The goal of western counseling is the strengthening of the self, identity, or ego. The philosophy guiding Chinese medicine is a melding of tenets from Buddhism, Confucianism, and the mixed spiritual and philosophical ideas of Taoism. Even though there are numerous educational facilities of assumed between practitioners of regular Chinese medicine, five Taoist axioms form its foundation. There are normal laws which govern the universe, including human beings. The normal purchase of the universe is innately harmonious and very well arranged. When men and women dwell according to the laws of the universe, they dwell in harmony with that universe and the normal atmosphere. The universe is dynamic, with modify as it can be only continual. Stagnation is in opposition to the law of the universe and results in what Western medicine calls ailment. All residing issues are related and interdependent. Individuals are intimately related to and affected by all sides of their atmosphere. The broader conceptual framework on multicultural counseling competencies is primarily based on the Affiliation for Multicultural Counseling and Improvement as described in Multicultural Counseling Competencies (Roysircar et al., 2003). The model emphasizes a practitioner’s awareness of cultural values, beliefs, and biases in purchase to be informed of the client’s planet see and provide culturally proper treatment.
J.D. Kinzie (1990), evaluating primary western values with Asian values, illustrates areas of variation in between western and non-western healing. It demonstrates that Indochinese individual values focus on interdependence, and western practitioners feel in private option and independence. Chinese have structured and proper social relationships, while Westerners feel in situational ethics, challenge for authorities, and equality of relatives relationships. Chinese healing thinks one particular must dwell in harmony with character, and Westerners feel character is to be mastered. Chinese feel that mental ailment is caused by imbalance in cosmic forces or deficiency of will energy. Westerners feel that mental ailment is a consequence of mental and bodily components. Indochinese individual values are that treatment must be short and quick. Westerners feel therapy could acquire a extended time. Easterners feel the healer must be lively and give options to problems. Westerners see the therapist as typically passive, and the most effective option is one particular produced by the individual.
Another main variation is how the individual is regarded. In western medicine, sufferers with comparable issues or ailments normally will receive pretty much …