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The Importance Of Catalytic Converters Even though cars are convenient..

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The Importance Of Catalytic Converters Even though cars are convenient to use and has become part of our day to day lives. The rate of air pollution this creates is no doubt harmful to the environment. But with the introduction of catalytic converter, emissions are controlled by reducing the amount of chemicals released. The fuel and air are mixed in internal combustion engines. The mixture produces combustion which is used to power the vehicle the moment when spark plugs create ignition. What’s left in the process will exit on the valves and will keep on going for thousands of times more. Some of the unused fuel in form of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons as well as nitrogen oxide will be released and cause air pollution. The job of catalytic converter is pretty simple, see to it that the engine emissions are clean while making it less dangerous and safer for both the people and environment. The catalyst will transform some gases by suing chemical reaction and energy, which produces a more favorable result. Catalytic converters have to change the harmful byproducts of combustion through oxidation process. By introducing oxygen on heated gases, it causes the HC as well as CO to turn as carbon dioxide and water which in a sense is less harmful. Catalyst has a thin layer of platinum and coating is applied on substrate material like honeycomb that’s made either of metal or ceramic. Small platinum atoms bind the molecules tightly then oxygen is introduced enabling the catalyst to work. There are many different types of catalytic converters and among them is the 2-way converter that does the processes above. You may not believe it but since the mid 70s, this has been implemented to be used on cars to be able to address third byproduct which is NOx. 3-way converters are designed and created with an additional step also known as reduction. What this thing does is to split the NOx into oxygen and nitrogen. This is a true challenge but it has been resolved by introducing oxygen between the oxidation and reduction stage to make it more efficient.
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On the other hand, the fact that it requires certain temperature in order to process chemical reaction properly is what some people see as a setback of catalytic converters. What this mean is, it won’t work in first few minutes upon ignition and in the event that there’s overheating, it will not work either. Other issues would be road temperature as well as debris that might potentially cause damage to the converters so you have to watch out for this when driving. But other than that, everything works just fine for the device.If You Read One Article About Businesses, Read This One